Effects of hydro-meteorological factors on streamflow withdrawal for irrigation in yeongsan river basin

Jang Hyun Sung, Donghae Baek, Young Ryu, Seung Beom Seo, Kee Won Seong

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6 Scopus citations


The relationships between a variety of hydro-meteorological variables and irrigation water use rates (WUR) were investigated in this study. Standardized Precipitation Index (SPI), Potential Evapotranspiration (PET), and Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) were explored to identify the relationship with the WUR. The Yeongsan river basin, the agricultural land of which is mostly occupied by well-irrigated paddy, was used for the pilot study. Four different temporal scales of SPI-3, 6, 9, and 12 were tested, and PET was calculated using the Thornthwaite method. To calculate NDVI, the surface spectral reflectance data, which was acquired by Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) equipped on the Terra satellite, were used. As a result, there was a statistically significant relationship between SPI9 and the WUR during drought periods in which negative values of SPI9 were obtained. The WUR was strongly correlated with both PET and NDVI. Compared with SPI, the variability of WUR in this study area was more sensitively affected by PET and NDVI, which can cause a potential lack of agricultural water supply. The finding of this study implies that SPI9, PET, and NDVI are the critical factors for predicting water withdrawal during drought conditions so that they can be used for irrigational water use management. Although a part of the findings of this study has been discussed by a few previous studies, this study is novel in that it quantifies the relationship between these factors using actual field observations of streamflow withdrawal for irrigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4969
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


  • Drought
  • Irrigation water use
  • NDVI
  • PET
  • SPI
  • Streamflow withdrawal


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