Effects of Pore Structure on n-Butane Adsorption Characteristics of Polymer-Based Activated Carbon

Hye Min Lee, Jin Baek, Kay Hyeok An, Soo Jin Park, Young Kwon Park, Byung Joo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, the correlation between n-butane adsorption characteristics and pore characteristics of activated carbons (ACs) was investigated by activated polymer-based hard carbons (APHCs) using a carbon dioxide activation method. The structural characteristics of the ACs were observed by X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. The N 2 adsorption isotherm characteristics at 77 K were confirmed by Brunauer-Emmett-Teller, Barrett-Joyner-Halenda, and nonlocal density functional theory equations. From the results, specific surface areas and total pore volume of the ACs were determined to be 1020-2440 m 2 /g and 0.42-1.30 cm 3 /g, respectively. As the activation time increased, the fraction of micropores decreased from 85% to about 40%. On the other hand, the porosity of the mesopores increased to about 60% from a ratio of about 10%. The specific power adsorption has been increased with the development of the mesopores and exhibited 20 960 sK/g at APHC-10-5 (540% higher compared to that of APHC-10-2). It was confirmed that the correlation between the adsorption capacity of n-butane and the pore characteristics of the ACs was determined by pore diameter of 1.5-4.5 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736-741
Number of pages6
JournalIndustrial and Engineering Chemistry Research
Volume58
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 16 Jan 2019

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