Effects of the fat-tail distribution on the relationship between prospect theory value and expected return

Cheoljun Eom, Jong Won Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study investigates the negative relationship between prospect theory value and expected return considering the fat-tail property of the return distribution. The results of both decile portfolio and cross-sectional regression show evidence supporting the hypothesis related to prospect theory value. However, these results are very sensitive to whether the model includes a short-term reversal factor. In the empirical design combining the hypothesis with the degree of fat-tail of the return distribution, stock groups with the fat-tail return distribution definitely show that prospect theory value has a significant information value for explaining expected return, regardless of whether the short-term reversal and other factors are included in the models. These results suggest that both the fat-tail property in the stock return distribution and the property of the skewed return distribution must be considered in examining the relationship between prospect theory value and expected return. Furthermore, our findings on the effects of the fat-tail property of the return distribution are verified through robustness testing while considering changes in empirical design and using out-of-sample stock markets of the U.S., Japan, and China, as well as the in-sample Korean stock market.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101052
JournalNorth American Journal of Economics and Finance
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Decision weight
  • Fat-tail distribution
  • Out-of-sample test
  • Prospect theory value
  • Skewed distribution

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