Electrical conductivity enhancement of epitaxially grown TiN thin films

Yeong Gwang Khim, Beomjin Park, Jin Eun Heo, Young Hun Khim, Young Rok Khim, Minseon Gu, Tae Gyu Rhee, Seo Hyoung Chang, Moonsup Han, Young Jun Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Titanium nitride (TiN) presents superior electrical conductivity with mechanical and chemical stability and compatibility with the semiconductor fabrication process. Here, we fabricated epitaxial and polycrystalline TiN (111) thin films on MgO (111), sapphire (001), and mica substrates at 640℃ and room temperature by using a DC sputtering, respectively. The epitaxial films show less amount of surface oxidation than the polycrystalline ones grown at room temperature. The epitaxial films show drastically reduced resistivity (~ 30 micro-ohm-cm), much smaller than the polycrystalline films. Temperature-dependent resistivity measurements show a nearly monotonic temperature slope down to low temperature. These results demonstrate that high-temperature growth of TiN thin films leads to significant enhancement of electrical conductivity, promising for durable and scalable electrode applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)486-490
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the Korean Physical Society
Issue number5
StatePublished - Mar 2023


  • DC sputtering
  • Electrical conductivity
  • Electrode material
  • Epitaxial film
  • TiN


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