Emulsification characteristics of ether extracted pyrolysis-oil in diesel using various combinations of emulsifiers (Span 80, Atlox 4916 and Zephrym PD3315) in double reactor system

Abid Farooq, Hyung Won Lee, Jungho Jae, Eilhann E. Kwon, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Emulsification is a cost effective and simple method to use pyrolysis oil (or bio-oil) along with diesel as an emulsified fuel. Several combinations of emulsifiers, such as Span 80 and Atlox 4916, Span 80 and Zephrym PD3315, and Atlox 4916 and Zephrym PD3315, were tested to obtain stable emulsions. Two set of reactors (ultrasonicator and agitator-based mechanical reactor system) were used for the process. The ether-extracted pyrolysis oil (EEO), emulsifier, and diesel content of 10%–15%, 3%, and 82–87% were exposed to an ultrasonic power of 40% and with an agitation rate of 900 rpm. The emulsions obtained using Span 80 and Zephrym PD3315 showed stratification within 10 min. The emulsions for Span 80 and Atlox 4916 with a ratio of 3/15/82 for Emulsifer/EEO/Diesel, and for Atlox 4916 and Zephrym PD3315 emulsifiers with a ratio of 3/10/87 for Emulsifer/EEO/Diesel remained stable for more than 15 days. The functional groups analysis showed the stability of the emulsion for Span 80 and Atlox 4916, whereas a change in the absorbance intensity was observed when Atlox 4916 and Zephrym PD3315 were used, indicating stratification.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109267
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume184
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Agitation
  • Diesel
  • Emulsification
  • Pyrolysis oil
  • Ultrasonicator

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