Enhanced Thermoelectric Performance of Lightly Pb-Doped Sb2Te3Polycrystalline Alloys for Power Generation in Midtemperature Range

Okmin Park, Kyu Hyoung Lee, Sang Jeong Park, Se Woong Lee, Sang Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Sb2Te3 alloys are promising thermoelectric materials because of their outstanding electrical transport properties in the midtemperature range of 500-700 K, while codoping with multiple elements has been successful to improve their thermoelectric performance. In this study, enhanced thermoelectric properties with a maximum thermoelectric figure of merit of 0.97 are reported for singly and lightly Pb-doped Sb2Te3 polycrystalline alloys (Sb2-xPbxTe3). Very light Pb doping in the range 0.005≤x≤0.0125 in the Sb2-xPbxTe3 alloys yielded significantly improved carrier transport properties and increased electrical conductivity while the Seebeck coefficient is decreased moderately, since the density-of-state effective mass is improved much. As a result, power factor for the Pb-doped Sb2Te3 is largely increased up to 3.7 mW/mK2 at 300 K. The lattice thermal conductivity decreased considerably owing to the additional point defect phonon scattering by the Pb despite slight doping. Consequently, a maximum thermoelectric figure of merit of 0.97 was obtained for Sb1.9875Pb0.0125Te3 (x=0.0125) at 600 K, which is the highest reported value for singly doped Sb2Te3-based alloys. A maximum energy conversion efficiency was calculated to be 9.0% for a temperature difference of 350 K, which is higher than that for other singly or codoped Sb2Te3 alloys.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9077811
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume2023
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

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