Enhanced thermoelectric performance of TiS2 via large thermal conductivity reduction by solid solution alloying with TiSe2

Sanghyun Park, Jong Wook Roh, Joontae Park, Hyungyu Cho, Seung Min Kang, Okmin Park, Hyun Sik Kim, Sang Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

TiS2 is a transition metal dichalcogenide with semiconducting transport properties, and is considered a potential thermoelectric material owing to its relatively low lattice thermal conductivity originated from van der Waals stacking. In this study, the evolution of electrical and thermal transport properties of TiS2 by solid solution alloying with TiSe2 are investigated systematically regarding thermoelectric properties. A series of solid solution compositions of Ti(S1 − xSex)2 (x = 0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, and 0.5) polycrystalline samples was synthesized by a conventional solid-state reaction, wherein no secondary phase was formed. As x increased, the electrical conductivity and carrier concentration gradually increased, while the Seebeck coefficient decreased. Consequently, the power factor decreased. On the other hand, the lattice thermal conductivity is reduced largely to 0.96 W/mK for x = 0.5 at 300 K, compared to 2.3 W/mK for the pristine TiS2 sample. Consequently, the thermoelectric figure of merit zT of TiS2 was enhanced by solid solution allying with TiSe2, despite deterioration of the electrical transport properties. The maximum zT of 0.41 was observed for x = 0.4 (Ti(S0.6Se0.4)2) at 500 K.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)335-341
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Volume61
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • Solid solution alloying
  • Thermal conductivity reduction
  • Thermoelectric
  • TiS

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