Enhanced thermoelectric properties of sorbitol-mixed PEDOT:PSS thin films by chemical reduction

Eunho Yang, Jaeyun Kim, Byung Jun Jung, Jeonghun Kwak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study systematically examined the thermoelectric (TE) properties of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):poly(styrenesulfonate) (PEDOT:PSS) thin films by enhancing the electrical conductivity with D-sorbitol and by controlling the oxidation level with tetrakis (dimethylamino) ethylene (TDAE) vapor treatment. Mixing sorbitol into PEDOT:PSS changed the morphology of the films, increasing the electrical conductivity up to 722.06 S cm−1, which is over two orders of magnitude higher than that of pristine PEDOT:PSS (1.53 S cm−1). For even better TE properties, we subsequently exposed the films to TDAE vapor (which is a well-known reducing agent) for various treatment times to control their oxidation levels. The difference in the redox state as a function of the reduction time was easily identified by the naked eye owing to the electrochromic properties of PEDOT:PSS. As a result, we obtained a high power factor of 22.28 μW m−1 K−2 from the sorbitol-mixed PEDOT:PSS thin films that were treated via chemical reduction. This value is three times higher than that of devices without TDAE treatment (7.26 μW m−1 K−2). The properties and changes in the films fabricated with sorbitol and TDAE treatments were characterized by atomic force microscopy and UV–Vis-NIR absorption.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2838-2843
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Materials Science: Materials in Electronics
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2015

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