Enhanced thermoelectric transport properties of n-type InSe by Sn doping

Sung Sil Choo, Seok Won Hong, Hyun Sik Kim, Sang Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Layered post transition metal chalcogenides such as SnSe, SnSe2, In2Se3, and In4Se3 have attracted attention as promising thermoelectric materials due to their intrinsically low lattice thermal conductivities. Recently, n-type indium selenide (InSe) based materials have also been suggested as good candidates for thermoelectric materials by optimizing their electrical properties, i.e., increasing carrier concentration. Here, we report enhancement of the thermoelectric properties of n-type InSe by Sn substitutional doping at the In site. A series of In1-xSnxSe for x = 0, 0.03, 0.05, 0.15 and 0.2 was examined. The carrier concentration and electrical conductivity increased due to the Sn substitution, since Sn behaves as a shallow electron donor in InSe, while the Seebeck coefficient decreased moderately. In addition, it was found that effective mass was increased by more than 10 times by Sn doping. As a result, the power factor was enhanced from 0.07 mW/ mK2 to 0.13 mW/mK2 at 800 K. The total thermal conductivity was unchanged despite Sn doping because the electrical contribution to the total thermal conductivity was very small. Consequently, Sn doping in InSe enhanced the dimensionless thermoelectric figure of merit zT from 0.04 to 0.14 at 800 K, mainly due to enhanced electrical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-352
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Volume58
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2020

Keywords

  • Chalcogenide
  • Density-of-states effective mass
  • Doping
  • InSe
  • Thermoelectric

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