Enhanced Thermoelectric Transport Properties of n -Type SnSe2Polycrystalline Alloys by Te Doping

Se Woong Lee, Okmin Park, Sang Il Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

SnSe2, a layered posttransition metal chalcogenide, has attracted attention as a high-efficiency thermoelectric material owing to the intrinsic low thermal conductivity. Herein, a series of SnSe1-xTex2 (x=0, 0.025, 0.0375, 0.075, 0.1, and 0.125) samples was synthesized to examine the influence of Te doping on electrical, thermal, and thermoelectric properties of n-type SnSe2 alloys. Interestingly, carrier concentration and mobility were simultaneously increased for x=0.025 and 0.0375. Therefore, electrical conductivity is increased for x=0.025 and 0.0375 compared to that for the pristine sample, resulting in power factor increase to 0.25 mW/mK2 for x=0.025 by 12% at 790 K. However, reductions in the electrical conductivity were observed for the samples with x>0.0375 due to the decrease in carrier mobility for x>0.0375, resulting in the decrease of power factor. The lattice thermal conductivity slightly reduced for the doped samples owing to point defects of Te and vacancies originating from Te doping. Consequently, the thermoelectric figure of merit (zT) was increased to 0.45 and 0.49 for Sn(Se1.975Te0.025)2 (x=0.025) and Sn(Se1.9625Te0.0375)2 (x=0.0375) samples at 790 K, respectively, which was enhanced by 40% and 53% compared to that for undoped SnSe2. The enhanced electrical transport properties were validated by weighted mobility, density-of-state effective mass, and quality factor, and the reduction of the lattice thermal conductivity is analyzed by the Debye-Callaway model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2900242
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
Volume2023
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

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