Enhancement of birefringence in reduced graphene oxide doped liquid crystal

Mareddi Bharath Kumar, Mohammad Awwal Adeshina, Daekyung Kang, Youngho Jee, Taewan Kim, Muhan Choi, Jonghoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We investigated the effect of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) doping on the birefringence of 5CB liquid crystal (LC). The characteristics of the synthesized rGO and LC-rGO composite with different rGO concentrations were analyzed by atomic force microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, white light polarized microscopy, voltage-dependent transmission measurement, and differential scanning calorimetry. We found that doping LC with an appropriate concentration of rGO enhances the birefringence of the LC. This is mainly due to the improved anisotropy of polarizability, which stems from the high shape anisotropy of rGO. However, the aggregation of rGO reduces the birefringence by decreasing the anisotropy of polarizability as well as the order parameter. Our study shows the promising potential of LC-rGO for developing various electro-optic devices that offer improved electro-optic effects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number842
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2020


  • Birefringence
  • Liquid crystal
  • Phase modulator
  • Reduced graphene oxide


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