Enhancing the stability of lipid nanoparticle systems by sonication during the cooling step and controlling the liquid oil content

Choongjin Ban, Seokwon Lim, Pahn Shick Chang, Young Jin Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Aggregation of unstable particles in water limits the application of lipid nanoparticle (LNP) systems to foods despite the capability to encapsulate lipophilic bioactive components. This study exploits a preparation process that can reduce the aggregation of LNPs. Sonication during the cooling step (postsonication) for 4, 5, or 6 min was applied to increase the covering effect of Tween 20 on the particle. Additionally, LNPs were prepared using fully hydrogenated canola oil (FHCO) blended with 0-30 wt % liquid canola oil (LCO) of the lipid phase. Surfactant surface load data indicate that the postsonication might make nonemulsifying Tween 20 diffuse from the aqueous phase to droplet surfaces, which could decrease the crystallinity index (CI) of LNPs due to the inhibition of lipid crystallization. Moreover, the LCO content in lipid matrix could decrease the CI, which could reduce the formation of hydrophobic patches on the particle surface. Therefore, the postsonication and the LCO addition in the matrix could effectively prevent aggregation among hydrophobic patches. This improved colloidal stability of LNPs was verified by the particle shape in transmission electron microscopy and the gelation test. Consequently, LNPs fabricated using 6 min postsonication and 30 wt % LCO in the lipid exhibited the greatest stability (size, 202.3 nm; CI, 57.5%; Tween 20 surface load, 10.29 mg m-2). This study may serve as a basis for further research that aims to develop delivery systems for functional foods.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11557-11567
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume62
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - 26 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • aggregation
  • canola oil
  • colloidal stability
  • lipid nanoparticle
  • postsonication

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