Epidemic threshold of the susceptible-infected-susceptible model on complex networks

Hyun Keun Lee, Pyoung Seop Shim, Jae Dong Noh

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63 Scopus citations

Abstract

We demonstrate that the susceptible-infected-susceptible (SIS) model on complex networks can have an inactive Griffiths phase characterized by a slow relaxation dynamics. It contrasts with the mean-field theoretical prediction that the SIS model on complex networks is active at any nonzero infection rate. The dynamic fluctuation of infected nodes, ignored in the mean field approach, is responsible for the inactive phase. It is proposed that the question whether the epidemic threshold of the SIS model on complex networks is zero or not can be resolved by the percolation threshold in a model where nodes are occupied in degree-descending order. Our arguments are supported by the numerical studies on scale-free network models.

Original languageEnglish
Article number062812
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume87
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 19 Jun 2013

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