Evaluation of the importance of some East Asian tree species for refinement of air quality by estimating air pollution tolerance index, anticipated performance index, and air pollutant uptake

Myeong Ja Kwak, Jong Kyu Lee, Sanghee Park, Yea Ji Lim, Handong Kim, Kyeong Nam Kim, Sun Mi Je, Chan Ryul Park, Su Young Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Potentials of tree species as biofilters depend on appropriate selection based on their tolerance to air pollution, which is usually evaluated by the air pollution tolerance index (APTI) and anticipated performance index (API). Thus, these index values need as a means of scientific understanding to assess the role of urban trees for better greenspace planning/management to mitigate impacts of gaseous air pollution such as ozone (O3) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). O3 exposure to Chionanthus retusus, Pinus densiflora, and Ginkgo biloba showed higher stomatal O3 flux than the others, finally resulting in both favoring stomatal movement and maintaining carbon fixation. In contrast, despite the whole tree enhanced SO2 uptake under excess SO2 exposure, the carbon assimilation capacity was only found in Taxus cuspidata and Zelkova serrata as a consequence of no stomatal sluggishness. On the basis of API, P. densiflora and Prunus x yedoensis were good performers for developing greenspace, while Z. serrata and G. biloba were moderate performers; however, C. retusus and T. cuspidata were estimated to be poor and very poor performers, respectively, for reducing the air quality injury caused by air pollutants. The present study suggests that an integration of both APTI and API based on stomatal absorption flux is needed for selecting sound tree-species in greenspace planning/construction to control gaseous air pollutions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3067
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Air pollution tolerance index (APTI)
  • Anticipated performance index (API)
  • Gaseous air pollutants
  • Stomatal uptake
  • Urban trees

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