Evaluation of the relativistic redshift in frequency standards at KRISS

Jisun Lee, Jay Hyoun Kwon, Chang Yong Park, Huidong Kim, In Mook Choi, Jin Wan Chung, Won Kyu Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Relativistic redshift correction should be accurately considered in frequency comparisons between frequency standards. In this study, we evaluated the relativistic redshift at Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS) using three different methods, depending on whether the approach was traditional or modern or whether the geopotential model was global or local. The results of the three methods agreed well with one another, and the height of an Yb optical lattice clock (KRISS-Yb1) was determined to be 75.15 m with an uncertainty of 0.04 m with respect to the conventionally adopted equipotential surface W 0 CGPM , the value of which is defined to be 62 636 856.0 m2s−2. Accordingly, the relativistic redshift of KRISS-Yb1 was evaluated to be 8.193(4) × 10−15. These data are applicable to the frequency standards at KRISS, one of which regularly participates in the calibration of the International Atomic Time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015008
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2024


  • frequency standard
  • height
  • optical clock
  • relativistic redshift


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