Experimental investigation on boiling heat transfer performance of fractal microchannels for high heat dissipation applications

Sewon Lee, Sungho Yun, Junho Kwon, Changhyun Baek, Dongchan Lee, Yongchan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study proposes novel fractal microchannels (FMCs) manufactured by additive manufacturing for direct cooling systems with high heat dissipation. The boiling heat transfer performance of water in the FMC was experimentally investigated under various operating conditions. Furthermore, a comparative heat transfer performance evaluation between the FMC and conventional microchannels (CMCs) was conducted. The critical heat flux of water in the FMC was 11 % higher than that in the CMC due to enhanced boiling heat transfer. In the low heat flux region, the boiling heat transfer coefficient (BHTC) of water in the FMC increased as the mass flow rate increased owing to the liquid replenishing and rewetting effects. However, in the moderate and high heat flux regions, the effect of the mass flow rate was not significant owing to the dominance of nucleate boiling. The BHTC of water in the FMC increased as the water temperature decreased due to the increased rewetting frequency. This study provides useful information for improving the design of direct cooling channels and for understanding the fundamental boiling heat transfer characteristics in FMCs. Furthermore, the proposed FMC can be applied in fields requiring high heat dissipation, such as electronic devices, power plants, and hot stamping.

Original languageEnglish
Article number103754
JournalCase Studies in Thermal Engineering
Volume52
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Additive manufacturing
  • Boiling heat transfer coefficient
  • Fractal microchannel
  • Liquid replenishment and rewetting effect
  • Visualization

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