Experimental study on an optimized-section precast slab with structural aesthetics

Hyunjin Ju, Sun Jin Han, Il Sup Choi, Seokdong Choi, Min Kook Park, Kang Su Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


The optimized-section precast slab with structural aesthetics (OPS) is a half precast concrete slab with multi-ribs that optimizes the cross-section by eliminating the unnecessary bottom flanges at mid-span and has good structural performance by utilizing prestressing strands and truss-type shear reinforcements. In addition, it is a member that is designed to highlight the structural aesthetics through the curved shape of a variable cross-section at the bottom of the flange which is created from a natural shape that is formed in the section optimization process. In this study, experimental research was carried out to examine the structural performance of the OPS, which includes flexure and shear tests on the precast concrete unit members for resisting construction loads, the composite members with cast-in-place concrete, and the continuous end section. The experiment results confirm that, in accordance with the current design code, the flexural performance of OPS is on the safe side regardless of the member type, whereas the shear performance of the precast concrete unit member differs slightly from that of the composite member due to the differences in the contributions of the shear reinforcement as the effective depth varies.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1234
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number8
StatePublished - 26 Jul 2018


  • Composite
  • Optimized section
  • Precast slab
  • Ribbed slab
  • Structural aesthetic


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