Exploring the topological characteristics of complex public transportation networks: Focus on variations in both single and integrated systems in the Seoul Metropolitan Area

Jungyeol Hong, Reuben Tamakloe, Soobeom Lee, Dongjoo Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many cities have integrated their public transportation modes to provide increased accessibility and reduced commute times. However, current transport network topology studies have focused on unimodal networks. Therefore, it is of significant interest for policymakers to examine the topology of integrated public transportation networks and to assess strategies for improving them. The objective of this study was to discuss a comprehensive analysis of an integrated public transportation network using graph theory, compare its characteristics to unimodal networks, and draw insights for improving their performance. Results demonstrate pertinent information concerning the structural composition of the Seoul Metropolitan Area's (SMA) public transportation network. Despite the integration, the spatial configuration of the network was found to have low fault tolerance. However, the highly agglomerated community structure validated the robustness of integrated networks. Network centrality measures confirmed that integration improves connectivity and spatial accessibility to suburbs within the city. The study found that the SMA's current public transportation network possesses structural defects that need to be addressed to improve its resilience and performance. Based on the outcomes of this study, the strategic creation or relocation of stations, and the construction of more links, is imperative for the enhancement of mobility.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5404
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume11
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2019

Keywords

  • Connectivity
  • Graph theory
  • Integrated network
  • Network topology
  • Public transportation
  • Spatial accessibility

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