Fabrication of the alnico bonded magnets for measuring instruments and its magnetic properties

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Alnico magnets can be used as magnetic bearings for the precise electric power measuring instruments such as watt-hour meters because they have high remanence (Br), relatively high maximum energy product ((BH)max), and excellent temperature stability. In this study, Alnico composite magnets were fabricated by appropriately mixing alnico alloy powders with epoxy resin and binder. The Alnico powders mixed with epoxy resin and a hardening agent with a mixing ratio of 96:4 were pressed and then cured to be a toroid-type ring magnet with an outer diameter (Φout) of 15 mm, an inner diameter (Φin) of 6.5 mm and a thickness (t) of 2.5 mm, respectively. The magnetic properties of the Alnico ring magnets were varied with the mixing ratio of Alnico powders that possess different average particle sizes. The Alnico ring magnet prepared by mixing 5 wt% of 50 μm (small size) powder, 15-20 wt% of 150 μm (medium size) powder, and 75-80 wt% of 300 μm (large size) powder showed the best magnetic properties (remanent induction, coercive force, maximum energy product, and surface flux density). In addition, measurements of temperature and moisture characteristics for the Alnico ring magnets showed that the surface flux densities of the N and S poles decreased little and the repulsive distance between the magnets decreased as small as 0.05 mm after 10 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Composites
  • Ferromagnetic materials
  • Magnetic properties
  • Powder processing


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