Feasibility of applying an electrostatic precipitator integrated with a naturally ventilated double-skin façade in residential buildings

Ye Seul Eom, Dong Hwa Kang, Dong Hee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


One of the main advantages of applying a double-skin façade (DSF) is allowing natural ventilation. As concerns about high outdoor particle concentrations increase, maintaining comfortable indoor air quality through natural ventilation in buildings with DSFs becomes difficult. An electrostatic precipitator (ESP) integrated with a DSF (EPID) has been proposed for maximizing the natural ventilation in buildings with polluted outdoor air. In this study, the particle removal performance and ozone generation of the EPID were experimentally evaluated to determine the feasibility of applying it in residential buildings. An EPID prototype was constructed, and laboratory experiments were performed to measure the single-pass particle removal efficiency and concentration of ozone, a byproduct of the ESP. The results showed that the average particle removal efficiency (77.4 ± 5.5%) at the upper ESP position is similar to that at the lower ESP position (78.5 ± 11.6%) for 0.25–1.82 μm particles at 9 kV applied voltage and 0.5 ms−1 inlet air velocity. When the inlet air velocity increases to 2.0 ms−1, the particle removal efficiency decreases to 39.7% depending on the ESP position. Moreover, the ESP position significantly influences the particle removal efficiency because it changes the inlet air velocity, especially at low applied voltages. Our results highlight the importance of determining the appropriate ESP position in the EPID for residential applications because low-voltage operation is recommended for the safety of occupants and reduction in ozone generation. In addition, at 0.5 ms−1 inlet air velocity, at which the EPID has excellent removal performance, the net ozone concentrations are 33.0 ppb and 35.7 ppb at 6 kV and 9 kV, respectively, which are all lower than the threshold (50 ppb), regardless of the ESP position. The results of this study verify the feasibility of applying the EPID and have important implications for future EPID designs and developing control strategies to improve the indoor air quality of naturally ventilated residential buildings with DSFs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106065
JournalJournal of Building Engineering
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2023


  • Double-skin façade
  • Electrostatic precipitator
  • Laboratory experiment
  • Particle filtration
  • Removal efficiency


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