Formation of Cluster-Structured Metallic Filaments in Organic Memristors for Wearable Neuromorphic Systems with Bio-Mimetic Synaptic Weight Distributions

Uihoon Jung, Miseong Kim, Jaewon Jang, Jin Hyuk Bae, In Man Kang, Sin Hyung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

With increasing demand for wearable electronics capable of computing huge data, flexible neuromorphic systems mimicking brain functions have been receiving much attention. Despite considerable efforts in developing practical neural networks utilizing several types of flexible artificial synapses, it is still challenging to develop wearable systems for complex computations due to the difficulties in emulating continuous memory states in a synaptic component. In this study, polymer conductivity is analyzed as a crucial factor in determining the growth dynamics of metallic filaments in organic memristors. Moreover, flexible memristors with bio-mimetic synaptic functions such as linearly tunable weights are demonstrated by engineering the polymer conductivity. In the organic memristor, the cluster-structured filaments are grown within the polymer medium in response to electric stimuli, resulting in gradual resistive switching and stable synaptic plasticity. Additionally, the device exhibits the continuous and numerous non-volatile memory states due to its low leakage current. Furthermore, complex hardware neural networks including ternary logic operators and a noisy image recognitions system are successfully implemented utilizing the developed memristor arrays. This promising concept of creating flexible neural networks with bio-mimetic weight distributions will contribute to the development of a new computing architecture for energy-efficient wearable smart electronics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2307494
JournalAdvanced Science
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 6 Mar 2024

Keywords

  • artificial synapse
  • metallic filament
  • organic memristor
  • synaptic weight
  • wearable neural network

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