Fractional vortex lattice structures in spin-triplet superconductors

Suk Bum Chung, Daniel F. Agterberg, Eun A. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Motivated by recent interest in spin-triplet superconductors, we investigate the vortex lattice structures for this class of unconventional superconductors. We discuss how the order parameter symmetry can give rise to U(1) × U(1) symmetry in the same sense as in spinor condensates, making half-quantum vortices (HQVs) topologically stable. We then calculate the vortex lattice structure of HQVs, with particular attention on the roles of the crystalline lattice, the Zeeman coupling and Meissner screening, all absent in spinor condensates. Finally, we consider how spin-orbit coupling leads to a breakdown of the U(1) × U(1) symmetry in free energy and whether the HQV lattice survives this symmetry breaking. As examples, we examine simpler spin-triplet models proposed in the context of NaxCoO2 · yH2O and Bechgaard salts, as well as the better known and more complex model for Sr2RuO4

Original languageEnglish
Article number085004
JournalNew Journal of Physics
StatePublished - 13 Aug 2009


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