FrePGAN: Robust Deepfake Detection Using Frequency-Level Perturbations

Yonghyun Jeong, Doyeon Kim, Youngmin Ro, Jongwon Choi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Various deepfake detectors have been proposed, but challenges still exist to detect images of unknown categories or GAN models outside of the training settings. Such issues arise from the overfitting issue, which we discover from our own analysis and the previous studies to originate from the frequency-level artifacts in generated images. We find that ignoring the frequency-level artifacts can improve the detector's generalization across various GAN models, but it can reduce the model's performance for the trained GAN models. Thus, we design a framework to generalize the deepfake detector for both the known and unseen GAN models. Our framework generates the frequency-level perturbation maps to make the generated images indistinguishable from the real images. By updating the deepfake detector along with the training of the perturbation generator, our model is trained to detect the frequency-level artifacts at the initial iterations and consider the image-level irregularities at the last iterations. For experiments, we design new test scenarios varying from the training settings in GAN models, color manipulations, and object categories. Numerous experiments validate the state-of-the-art performance of our deepfake detector.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAAAI-22 Technical Tracks 1
PublisherAssociation for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)1577358767, 9781577358763
StatePublished - 30 Jun 2022
Event36th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2022 - Virtual, Online
Duration: 22 Feb 20221 Mar 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 36th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2022


Conference36th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2022
CityVirtual, Online


Dive into the research topics of 'FrePGAN: Robust Deepfake Detection Using Frequency-Level Perturbations'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this