Group-based hierarchical adaptive traffic-signal control Part II: Implementation

Seunghyeon Lee, S. C. Wong, Pravin Varaiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


In part I of this study (Lee et al., 2017), the formulation of a theoretical framework for a group-based adaptive traffic-control method for isolated signalized junctions is presented, which includes tactical and local levels of signal timing optimization. The global level control aims to determine the time-varying cycle structure, with a resolution of cycles, and the real-time adjustment of the green phase, with a resolution of seconds, based on longer-term traffic information observed by traffic detectors. Overall, the purpose of the study is to actualize a multi-resolution strategy for a group-based adaptive signal-control method and establish a microscopic simulation platform to implement the proposed methodology and test its effectiveness. To actualize the global proactive-optimization scheme, in this paper, a rolling-horizon approach to the temporal and spatial variables, signal structures for four-arm intersections, and discrete directional search methods is applied using the developed mathematical framework. The formulation of the group-based max-pressure policy is realized using the logical form of the local reactive-control policy at a typical directional three-lane, four-arm approach to an isolated intersection. The integrated group-based adaptive traffic-signal control is actualized using VISSIM, Fortran, and VBA based on the developed tactical and local levels of signal timing optimization. The results of the computer simulations and the case study presented in this paper show that the integrated group-based adaptive traffic-signal-control logic outperforms the other methods over a wide range of traffic conditions, from free-flowing traffic to extreme congestion. Moreover, the proposed models perform much better than the existing fixed-signal plan and the actuated signal-control in asymmetric traffic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)376-397
Number of pages22
JournalTransportation Research Part B: Methodological
StatePublished - Oct 2017


  • Global proactive-optimization scheme
  • Local reactive-control policy
  • Mathematical programming approach
  • Rolling-horizon approach
  • Simulation platform


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