High-efficiency harmonic loaded oscillator with low bias using a nonlinear design approach

Moon Que Lee, Seung June Yi, Sangwook Nam, Youngwoo Kwon, Kyung Whan Yeom

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations


We present a design method for an optimized highefficiency harmonic loaded oscillator. The proposed approach predicts the performance of oscillators including output power, dc-RF conversion efficiency, and de-bias current shift during start-up transition. In this method, the performance of the oscillator can be optimized based on the performance analysis of the active device under the assumed operation conditions. The effects of fundamental and harmonic loading on output power and efficiency are investigated by the proposed approach. Two kinds of stability conditions are addressed for an oscillator initially biased at a low gate voltage. Using the proposed approach, we design an oscillator that has a high efficiency of 61 % at 1.86 GHz with a very low bias voltage of 2.0 V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1670-1679
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques
Issue number9 PART 1
StatePublished - 1999


  • Harmonic loaded oscillator
  • Harmonic loading
  • High-efficiency oscillator
  • Load line
  • Microwave oscillator
  • Oscillator stability
  • Stability


Dive into the research topics of 'High-efficiency harmonic loaded oscillator with low bias using a nonlinear design approach'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this