High-Voltage Pulse-Assisted Operation of Single-Layer Electrochromic Systems for High Performance and Reliability

Kyeong Su Yu, Seon Yeong Kim, Hong Chul Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A single-layer electrochromic device (SL-ECD) based on ionic conductors containing EC chromophores provides a very simple platform that can be readily fabricated by sandwiching the EC layer between two electrodes. The operation of SL-ECDs is governed by the diffusion of redox species due to their SL structure, which causes a relatively slow dynamic response. In this study, we propose an effective high-voltage pulse injection strategy to improve the performance of SL-ECDs. Applying a programmed voltage wave composed of DC and high-voltage pulses promotes coloration/bleaching switching without degrading device stability, which is more advantageous than applying high DC voltages. We modified the input voltage profile by considering fundamental parameters, such as the amplitude and duty ratio of additional voltage pulses. The coloration and bleaching dynamic responses with the optimized voltage wave are ∼62 and ∼20% faster, respectively, compared with those with the simple DC input. Furthermore, the additionally injected pulse aids in increasing the coloration efficiency from ∼95.3 to ∼168.6 cm2 C-1. Another notable feature of this system is that the device operates stably when a programmed voltage wave is used. These results indicate that the concept of high-voltage pulse-assisted operation of SL-ECDs is a straightforward but effective method for improving device performance without changing the EC chromophore or device structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)45315-45321
Number of pages7
JournalACS applied materials & interfaces
Issue number38
StatePublished - 27 Sep 2023


  • coloration efficiency
  • dynamic response
  • electrochromic device
  • high-voltage pulse injection
  • single-layer device


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