Highly sensitive and stable mosfet-type hydrogen sensor with dual pt-fets

Jung Sik Kim, Bum Joon Kim

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4 Scopus citations


A MOSFET gas sensor with platinum gate for hydrogen gas detection was designed, fabricated and characterized for sensing response and stability to outer environment. The dual Pt-gate FET hydrogen sensor was integrated with a micro-heater and two Pt-gate FETs; a sensing device for hydrogen detection, and a reference device for electrical compensation. The identical output between the sensitive-FET and reference-FET was stable at the range from room temperature to 250 C due to the same temperature dependence of the current-voltage (I-V ) characteristics. The dual Pt-gate FET sensor showed stable responses to hydrogen at a range of operation temperatures. The optimal operating temperature with 5,000 ppm H2 was approximately 150 C at which the sensing response as drain current change was 0.112 mA. Also, the response and recovery times were 18 sec and 19 sec, respectively. The fabricated sensor showed low power consumption (45.5 mW at 150 C) by achieving complete heat isolation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalNanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2016


  • Gas Sensor
  • Hydrogen
  • Platinum
  • Si Micromachining


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