Hydrodynamic analysis of storm movement effects on runoff hydrographs and loop-rating curves of a V-shaped watershed

Dae Hong Kim, Yongwon Seo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


The effects of storm movement on rainfall-runoff processes through a V-shaped watershed are investigated using a dynamic wave model based on shallow water equations. The governing equations are solved by a fourth-order accurate finite volume method to obtain accurate computational results. Once the numerical model is verified, a series of rainfall-runoff events on a V-shaped watershed are simulated. To investigate the contribution of each term in the depth-averaged momentum equation, a scale analysis, and quantitative assessment are conducted on the basis of the computational results. As a result, it is found that the speed and the direction of storm movement can play an important role in determining peak discharge and peak arrival time. In addition, the storm movement can generate loop in the stage-discharge relationship curve. Finally, it is revealed that the rating curve depends on the watershed characteristics rather than the rainfall conditions, at least in the idealized V-shaped watershed. Key Points Rainstorm movement affects the shape of loop-rating curves. Time to peak is independent on the rainstorm movement direction. Local and advective acceleration terms may not be ignored in overland flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6613-6623
Number of pages11
JournalWater Resources Research
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2013


  • dynamic wave model
  • hydrograph
  • loop-rating curve
  • moving storm
  • rainfall-runoff


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