Hydrogen production from steam gasification of polyethylene using a two-stage gasifier and active carbon

Yong Seong Jeong, Ki Bum Park, Joo Sik Kim

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52 Scopus citations

Abstract

Steam gasification of polyethylene was conducted using a two-stage gasifier consisting of a fluidized bed gasifier and a tar-cracking reactor filled with active carbon. The main aim of the work was to produce H2-rich syngas and simultaneously reduce tar. The main reaction variable was the steam-to-fuel ratio. The possibility of gasification without using an electrostatic precipitator was also examined in the study. In addition, the effect of the type of distributor (hook-type and mesh-type distributor) located between the fluidized bed gasifier and tar-cracking reactor on coke formation was investigated. Finally, the possibility of in situ regeneration of active carbon with steam was explored. As a result, the syngas from the two-stage gasifier contained a maximum 66 vol% hydrogen and a minimum 0 mg/Nm3 tar. The syngas produced without using an electrostatic precipitator had similar quality to that obtained with an electrostatic precipitator, providing a positive indication for the implementation of the two-stage gasifier in commercial applications. Additionally, the mesh-type distributor was found to be excellent against coke formation. The in situ regeneration of active carbon with steam significantly recovered the textural properties of the original active carbon, yielding a surface area recovery rate of approximately 63%. A long-term gasification for 4 h with repetitive in situ regeneration of active carbon with steam produced a syngas having 55 vol% H2 on average and toluene as a tar component.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114495
JournalApplied Energy
Volume262
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Mar 2020

Keywords

  • Active carbon
  • Hydrogen
  • Polyethylene
  • Tar
  • Two-stage gasification

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