Individual and Interactive Effects of Elevated Ozone and Temperature on Plant Responses

Jong Kyu Lee, Myeong Ja Kwak, Su Gyeong Jeong, Su Young Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


From the preindustrial era to the present day, the tropospheric ozone (O3) concentration has increased dramatically in much of the industrialized world due to anthropogenic activities. O3 is the most harmful air pollutant to plants. Global surface temperatures are expected to increase with rising O3 concentration. Plants are directly affected by temperature and O3. Elevated O3 can impair physiological processes, as well as cause the accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to decreased plant growth. Temperature is another important factor influencing plant development. Here, we summarize how O3 and temperature elevation can affect plant physiological and biochemical characteristics, and discuss results from studies investigating plant responses to these factors. In this review, we focused on the interactions between elevated O3 and temperature on plant responses, because neither factor acts independently. Temperature has great potential to significantly influence stomatal movement and O3 uptake. For this reason, the combined influence of both factors can yield significantly different results than those of a single factor. Plant responses to the combined effects of elevated temperature and O3 are still controversial. We attribute the substantial uncertainty of these combined effects primarily to differences in methodological approaches.

Original languageEnglish
Article number211
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Biochemical characteristics
  • Ozone
  • Physiological characteristics
  • Plant response
  • Temperature


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