In2O3-based micro gas sensor for detecting NOx gases

Bum Joon Kim, In Gyu Song, Jung Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Scopus citations


In this study, NOx micro gas sensors for monitoring the indoor atmosphere of automobile were fabricated using MEMS (microelectromechanical system) technology and a sol-gel process. The sensing electrode and micro heater were designed to have a co-planar typed structure in a Pt thin film layer. The thermal characteristics of a micro heater array were analyzed using a finite element method (FEM). The chip size of the gas sensor was approximately 2 mm × 2 mm. Indium oxide as a sensing material for NOx gas was synthesized by a sol-gel process with indium isopropoxide as a precursor. Field emission Scanning electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction showed that particle size of the synthesized In2O3 was approximately 17-45 nm. The maximum gas sensitivity as the relative resistance (R s = R gas/R air) was observed at 275°C with a value of 8.0 at 1 ppm NO2 gas. The response (80% saturation) and recovery times were within 1 min. The sensing properties of NO2 gas exhibited linear behavior with increasing gas concentration. The sensing mechanism of the gas sensor was explained by the variations in the electron depletion layers and the adsorption of gas molecules on the In2O3 particle surface. These results suggest that in the future, MEMS-based gas sensors can be used as automotive-exhaust-gas sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-513
Number of pages5
JournalElectronic Materials Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 2014


  • MEMS
  • indium oxide
  • micro gas sensor
  • nitrogen oxides
  • sol-gel process


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