Investigating crystal plane effect of Co3O4 with various morphologies on catalytic activation of monopersulfate for degradation of phenol in water

Wei Jie Liu, Haitao Wang, Jechan Lee, Eilhann Kwon, Bui Xuan Thanh, Siming You, Young Kwon Park, Shaoping Tong, Kun Yi Andrew Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

As phenol represents as the most typical persistent organic pollutants in wastewater, SO4•−-involved chemical oxidation techniques using monopersulfate (MPS) have been regarded as a promising method to eliminate phenol. Since Co3O4 is the benchmark heterogeneous catalyst for activating MPS, it is highly critical to investigate shape-varied Co3O4 catalysts with well-defined crystal planes for activating MPS to degrade phenol. Thus, the aim of this study is to elucidate how different Co3O4 catalysts with various well-defined planes would influence catalytic activities for MPS activation. Specifically, three Co3O4 nanocrystals are fabricated: nanoplate (NP), nanobundle (NB), and nanocube (NC) with different dominant exposed facets of {1 1 2}, {1 1 0}, and {1 0 0}, respectively. As the facets of {1 1 2} and {1 1 0} consist of more abundant Co2+/Co3+, Co3O4-NP and Co3O4-NB exhibit noticeably higher catalytic activities then Co3O4-NC for activating MPS to degrade phenol. Nevertheless, since Co3O4-NP shows a much higher surface area than Co3O4-NB, Co3O4-NP could exhibit a relatively high catalytic activity in comparison to Co3O4-NB. In addition, Co3O4-NP also exhibits much faster degradation kinetics with a rate constant of 0.061 min−1 at 30 °C, and more resistance towards pH variation, with much stable reaction stoichiometric efficiencies (RSE) ranging from 0.034 to 0.039 at pH = 3 ~ 9, than the other two Co3O4 nanocrystals, making Co3O4-NP with the {1 1 2} facet a more outstanding Co3O4 for activating MPS to degrade phenol.

Original languageEnglish
Article number119368
JournalSeparation and Purification Technology
Volume276
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

Keywords

  • CoO
  • Crystal plane
  • Monopersulfate
  • Oxidation
  • Phenol

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