Involvement of caenohabditis elegans mapk signaling pathways in oxidative stress response induced by silver nanoparticles exposure

Ji Yeon Roh, Hyun Jeong Eom, Jinhee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the present study, toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) was investigated in the nematode, Caenohabditis elegans focusing on the upstream signaling pathway responsible for regulating oxidative stress, such as mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) cascades. Formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) was observed in AgNPs exposed C.elegans, suggesting oxidative stress as an important mechanism in the toxicity of AgNPs towards C. elegans. Expression of genes in MAPK signaling pathways increased by AgNPs exposure in less than 2-fold compared to the control in wildtype C.elegans, however, those were increased dramatically in sod-3 (gk235) mutant after 48 h exposure of AgNPs (i.e. 4-fold for jnk-1 and mpk-2; 6-fold for nsy-1, sek-1, and pmk-1, and 10-fold for jkk-1). These results on the expression of oxidative stress response genes suggest that sod-3 gene expression appears to be dependent on p38 MAPK activation. The high expressions of the pmk-1 gene 48 h exposure to AgNPs in the sod-3 (gk235) mutant can also be interpreted as compensatory mechanisms in the absence of important stress response genes. Overall results suggest that MAPK-based integrated stress signaling network seems to be involved in defense to AgNPs exposure in C.elegans.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-24
Number of pages6
JournalToxicological Research
Volume28
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2012

Keywords

  • Caenorhabditis elegans
  • Mitogen activated protein kinase
  • Oxidative stress
  • Silver nanoparticles

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