Lab-scale and pilot-scale two-stage gasification of biomass using active carbon for production of hydrogen-rich and low-tar producer gas

Yong Seong Jeong, Young Kon Choi, Bo Sung Kang, Jae Hong Ryu, Hyo Sik Kim, Min Su Kang, Lee Hyeon Ryu, Joo Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Laboratory- and pilot-scale two-stage air gasification of various types of biomass was performed to produce hydrogen-rich and low-tar gas. Typical tar removal apparatuses, such as scrubbers and electrostatic precipitators, were not employed and the only tar removal agent used was coal-based active carbon. The hydrogen content of all producer gases was remarkably high, whereas the tar content was low (maximum H2: 29 vol%; minimum tar: 0 mg/Nm3). The producer gases from the pilot-scale experiment also exhibited an exceedingly high hydrogen content and low tar content (maximum H2: 27 vol%; minimum tar: 3.3 mg/Nm3). The pilot-scale operation continued without any external heat supply via autothermal operation. A gas engine was connected to the pilot-scale gasification plant to generate electricity. The generated power ranged from 20 to 35 kWe depending on the type of biomass used. This indicated that the two-stage gasification process could be applied to decentralized power generation. To summarize, the present study provided positive experimental results of the two-stage gasification process in terms of tar reduction, hydrogen production, and power generation. Furthermore, studies on long-term operation are needed to obtain more reliable results.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106240
JournalFuel Processing Technology
Volume198
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2020

Keywords

  • Active carbon
  • Biomass
  • Hydrogen
  • Power
  • Tar
  • Two-stage gasification

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