Leveraging carbon dioxide to control the H2/CO ratio in catalytic pyrolysis of fishing net waste

Dongho Choi, Sungyup Jung, Sang Soo Lee, Kun Yi Andrew Lin, Young Kwon Park, Hana Kim, Yiu Fai Tsang, Eilhann E. Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

The global presence of plastic debris has become an indisputable environmental issue. While it is useful to recycle used plastic materials, contaminated plastics require a series of pretreatments prior to the process. Here, we offer a viable thermochemical conversion (pyrolysis) platform to directly valorize fishing net waste (FNW). Prior to the pyrolysis of FNW that was collected at a Korean seaport, its chemical composition (polyethylene) was examined using thermogravimetric analysis, ultimate analysis, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy measurements. Pyrolysis of FNW was conducted to produce value-added syngas and C1-2 hydrocarbons (HCs) in both CO2 and N2 environments with a variety of pyrolysis setups. The pyrolysis temperature significantly contributed to the thermal cracking of long-chain liquid HCs into H2 and C1-2 HCs under the N2 and CO2 conditions. In the presence of cobalt-based catalysts, an additional improvement of the reaction kinetics for producing H2 and C1-2 HCs was shown in the N2 environment. However, the synergistic effectiveness of Co-based catalysts and CO2 resulted in CO formation, because CO2 provided additional C and O sources over the Co-based catalysts. Thus, it allowed control of the H2/CO ratio in the CO2 and N2 atmospheres. The compositional matrix of the liquid HCs after pyrolysis also confirmed that CO2 controlled their aromaticity. Thus, the CO2-cofeeding pyrolysis of FNW can be considered a viable platform for the direct treatment of plastic wastes by harvesting energy as a form of syngas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110559
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume138
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • CO utilization
  • CO-to-fuel
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Plastic
  • Waste-to-energy

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