Local content requirement under vertical technology diffusion

Chul Woo Kwon, Bong Geul Chun

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13 Scopus citations


Many developing countries (LDCs) still impose a local content requirement (LCR) regulation on multinational enterprises (multinationals). The authors develop a simple model to investigate whether the introduction of an LCR affects a multinational's choice of technology transfer. The key assumption made in their analysis is that the multinational in an LDC prefers importing intermediate inputs from its home country, for the manufacture of final goods, to purchasing them from local suppliers equipped with outdated technology. However, the LCR of the LDC forces the multinational to purchase a fixed proportion of its intermediate inputs. The authors show that the magnitude of an LCR policy cannot affect the multinational's decision regarding technology transfer under technology diffusion. In addition, an increase in the LCR may foreclose technology diffusion because it could make the multinational establish its own intermediate input supplier(s) and become a vertically integrated multinational.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-124
Number of pages14
JournalReview of Development Economics
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2009


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