Lorentz-covariant reduced-density-operator theory for relativistic-quantum-information processing

Doyeol Ahn, Hyuk jae Lee, Sung Woo Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


In this paper, we derived a Lorentz-covariant quantum Liouville equation for the density operator which describes the relativistic-quantum-information processing from Tomonaga-Schwinger equation and an exact formal solution for the reduced density operator is obtained using the projector operator technique and the functional calculus. When all the members of the family of the hypersurfaces become flat hyperplanes, it is shown that our results agree with those of the nonrelativistic case, which is valid only in some specified reference frame. To show that our formulation can be applied to practical problems, we derived the polarization of the vacuum in quantum electrodynamics up to the second order. The formulation presented in this work is general and could be applied to related fields such as quantum electrodynamics and relativistic statistical mechanics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6
Number of pages1
JournalPhysical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2003


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