Manufacturing CuxZn1-xS photocatalysts and their solar H2 production characteristics with varying Uu content

Soojin Kahng, Jung Hyeun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Solar water splitting is an attractive method for producing hydrogen from renewable natural resources, and heterostructure photocatalysts have been widely investigated for photocatalytic applications. Hetero-component photocatalysts can reduce the charge recombination process by improving electron utilization, and are considered promising candidates for solar water splitting. Amongst various heterostructure systems, combinations of copper and zinc have been advantageous for constructing efficient band potential energy systems. In this work, CuxZn1-xS composite photocatalysts were solvothermally prepared with various copper contents. The morphology of the CuxZn1-xS photocatalysts was examined using scanning electron microscopy, and the crystalline structures were established with an X-ray diffractometer. Atomic analyses of the surface components of the photocatalysts were performed using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. UV-Vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence spectroscopy were also used to examine the efficiency of the photocatalysts’ light responses. Brunauer Emmett Teller analyses were employed to characterize the surface area and pore volume of the photocatalysts. Among the various CuxZn1-xS compositions, the highest H2 production rate was determined to be 1122 µmol g-1 h-1 from the Cu0.03Zn0.97S photocatalyst. This highest H2 production rate is strongly related to the observed efficient light absorption, and its influence on charge generation. The improvement is mainly attributed to the optimized charge separation and utilization, high visible light absorption, and high surface area of the photocatalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)907-914
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • CuZnS
  • Hydrogen production
  • Photocatalyst
  • Water splitting


Dive into the research topics of 'Manufacturing CuxZn1-xS photocatalysts and their solar H2 production characteristics with varying Uu content'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this