Marked importance of surface defects rather than oxygen functionalities of carbon electrodes for the intrinsic vanadium redox kinetics in flow batteries

Seong Cheol Kim, Jihun Paick, Jung S. Yi, Doohwan Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Carbon electrodes have long been functionalized with oxygen species to improve their electrocatalytic properties for vanadium redox kinetics in flow batteries. Most reports in the literature describe the oxygen functionalities doped on carbon electrodes as the electrocatalytic active centers for the vanadium redox reactions. Significantly, we offer here critical evidence that the surface defects are the most relevant active centers rather than the doped oxygen species on the carbon electrodes for the intrinsic VO2+/VO2+ and V2+/V3+ redox kinetics. The controlled thermal surface oxygenation and deoxygenation of graphite felt (GF) electrodes with the collective correlation analysis of the electrocatalytic properties as a function of the surface O atomic contents of GF electrodes reveal that the doped oxygen functionalities on carbon electrodes have no critical effects on the intrinsic vanadium redox kinetics. Conversely, the electrocatalytic performance of the GF electrodes correlate with the amount of surface defects concomitantly developed during the thermal oxygen doping processes. The collective structure–property correlation studies with cyclic voltammetry (CV), electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and Raman spectroscopy show that increasing the surface lattice defects of the carbon electrodes, rather than the amount of doped oxygen functionalities, significantly improves the vanadium redox kinetics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number230813
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume520
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • Carbon Defect
  • Carbon Electrodes
  • Oxygen Functionalization
  • Redox Flow Battery
  • Vanadium Redox Reaction

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Marked importance of surface defects rather than oxygen functionalities of carbon electrodes for the intrinsic vanadium redox kinetics in flow batteries'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this