Mesoporous LaVO4/MCM-48 nanocomposite with visible-light-driven photocatalytic degradation of phenol in wastewater

Iqra Mahboob, Sumeer Shafique, Iqrash Shafiq, Parveen Akhter, Artem S. Belousov, Pau Loke Show, Young Kwon Park, Murid Hussain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Dearomatization through photocatalytic oxidation is a swiftly rising phenolic compounds removal technology that works at trifling operations requirements with a special emphasis on the generation of nontoxic products. The study aims to develop a LaVO4/MCM-48 nanocomposite that was prepared via a hydrothermally approach assisting the employment of an MCM-48 matrix, which was then utilized for phenol degradation processes. Various techniques including UV–Vis DRS, FTIR, PL, Raman, TEM, and BET analyses are employed to characterize the developed photocatalyst. The developed photocatalyst presented remarkable characteristics, especially increased light photon utilization, and reduced recombination rate leading to enhanced visible-light-driven photodegradation performance owing to the improved specific surface area, specific porosities, and <2 eV narrow energy bandgap. The LaVO4/MCM-48 nanocomposite was experienced on aqueous phenol solution having 20 mg/L concentration under visible-light exposure, demonstrating exceptional performance in photodegradation up to 99.28%, comparatively higher than pure LaVO4. The conducted kinetic measurements revealed good accordance with pseudo first-order. A possible reaction mechanism for photocatalytic degradation was also predicted. The as-synthesized LaVO4/MCM-48 nanocomposite presented excellent stability and recyclability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number114983
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2023


  • High surface area
  • LaVO/MCM-48 nanocomposite
  • Mesoporous material
  • Phenol degradation
  • Visible-light activity


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