Minimizing Specific Energy Consumption of Electrochemical Hydrogen Compressor at Various Operating Conditions Using Pseudo-2D Model Simulation

Changhyun Kim, Myungkeun Gong, Jaewon Lee, Youngseung Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


With the increased usage of hydrocarbon-based fossil fuels, air pollution and global warming have accelerated. To solve this problem, renewable energy, such as hydrogen technology, has gained global attention. Hydrogen has a low volumetric density and thus requires compression technologies at high pressures to reduce storage and transportation costs. Techniques for compressing hydrogen include using mechanical and electrochemical hydrogen compressors. Mechanical compressors require higher specific energy consumption than electrochemical hydrogen compressors. Here, we used an electrochemical hydrogen compressor as a pseudo-two-dimensional model focused on electroosmotic drag, water back-diffusion, and hydrogen crossover flux at various temperatures, polymer electrolyte membrane thicknesses, and relative humidity conditions. To date, there have been few studies based on various operating conditions to find the optimal conditions. This study was conducted to determine the optimal parameters under various operating conditions. A numerical analysis demonstrated that the specific energy consumption was low in a specific current density section when the temperature was decreased. At the above-mentioned current density, the specific energy consumption decreased as the temperature increased. The polymer electrolyte membrane thickness yielded similar results. However, according to the relative humidity, it was confirmed that the higher the relative humidity, the lower the specific energy consumption in all of the current density sections. Therefore, when comparing temperatures of 30 °C and 80 °C at 145 A/ (Formula presented.), operating at 30 °C reduces the specific energy consumption by 12.12%. At 3000 A/ (Formula presented.) and 80 °C, the specific energy consumption is reduced by 11.7% compared to operating at 30 °C. Using N117 compared to N211 at 610 A/ (Formula presented.) for polymer electrolyte membranes can reduce specific energy consumption by 10.4%. Using N211 in the 1500 A/ (Formula presented.) condition reduces the specific energy demand by 9.6% compared to N117.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1214
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • electroosmotic drag
  • hydrogen crossover
  • pseudo-two-dimensional model
  • specific energy consumption


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