Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor PD98059 blocks the trans-activation but not the stabilization or DNA binding ability of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α

Eunseon Hur, Keun Young Chang, Eunjung Lee, Seung Ki Lee, Hyunsung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

115 Scopus citations

Abstract

Under low oxygen tension, cells increase the transcription of specific genes that are involved in angiogenesis, erythropoiesis, and glycolysis. Hypoxia-induced gene expression primarily depends on the stabilization of the α-subunit of hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1α), which acts as a heterodimeric trans-activator. Our results indicate that stabilization of HIF-1α protein by treatment of proteasome inhibitors, is not sufficient for hypoxia-induced gene activation, and an additional hypoxia-dependent modification is necessary for gene expression by HIF-1α. Here, we demonstrate that mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase-1 (MEK-1) inhibitor PD98059 does not change either the stabilization or DNA binding ability of HIF-1α but it inhibits the trans-activation ability of HIF-1α, thereby it reduces the hypoxia-induced transcription of both an endogenous target gene and a hypoxia-responsive reporter gene. We found that hypoxia induced p42/p44 mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) that are target protein kinases of MEK-1, and that expression of dominant-negative p42 and p44 MAPK mutants reduced HIF-1-dependent transcription of the hypoxia-responsive reporter gene. Our results are the first to identify that hypoxia-induced trans-activation ability of HIF-1α is regulated by different mechanisms than its stabilization and DNA binding, and that these processes can be experimentally dissociated. MEK-1/p42/p44 MAPK regulates the trans-activation, but not the stabilization or DNA binding ability, of HIF-1α.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1216-1224
Number of pages9
JournalMolecular Pharmacology
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase inhibitor PD98059 blocks the trans-activation but not the stabilization or DNA binding ability of Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this