Multi-sensor personal navigator: System design and calibration

Dorota A. Grejner-Brzezinska, Charles K. Toth, Yoonseok Jwa, Shahram Moafipoor, Jay Hyoun Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents the current design status and some preliminary calibration/performance analyses of the prototype of a multi-sensor personal navigator currently under development at The Ohio State University. The main purpose of this research project is to develop a theoretical foundation and algorithms which integrate the Global Positioning System (GPS), Micro-electro-mechanical inertial measurement unit (MEMS IMU), barometer and compass to provide seamless position information to support navigation and tracking of ground military and rescue personnel. The system is designed with an open-ended architecture, which would be able to incorporate additional navigation and imaging sensor data, extending the system's operations to the indoor environments. The current target accuracy of the system is at 3–5 m CEP (circular error probable). In the current prototype implementation, the following sensors are integrated in the tightly coupled Extended Kalman Filter (EKF): GPS carrier phase and pseudorange data, Crossbow MEMS IMU400C, PTB220A barometer, and KVH Azimuth 1000 digital compass. This paper focuses on the design architecture of the integrated system and the preliminary performance analysis, with a special emphasis on the navigation during the loss of GPS signal. A brief description of the individual sensors and their calibration is presented, together with the navigation performance of the system of sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-129
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Urban Sciences
Issue number2
StatePublished - Oct 2006


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