Multimodal Wearable Ionoskins Enabling Independent Recognition of External Stimuli Without Crosstalk

Won Young Choi, Jin Han Kwon, Yong Min Kim, Hong Chul Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Wearable ionoskins are one of the representative examples of the many useful applications offered by deformable stimuli-responsive sensory platforms. Herein, ionotronic thermo-mechano-multimodal response sensors are proposed, which can independently detect changes in temperature and mechanical stimuli without crosstalk. For this purpose, mechanically robust, thermo-responsive ion gels composed of poly(styrene-ran-n-butyl methacrylate) (PS-r-PnBMA, copolymer gelator) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethyl sulfonyl)imide ([BMI][TFSI], ionic liquid) are prepared. The optical transmittance change arising from the lower critical solution temperature (LCST) phenomenon between PnBMA and [BMI][TFSI] is exploited to track the external temperature, creating a new concept of the temperature coefficient of transmittance (TCT). The TCT of this system (-11.5% °C-1) is observed to be more sensitive to temperature fluctuations than the conventional metric of temperature coefficient of resistance. The tailoring molecular characteristics of gelators selectively improved the mechanical robustness of the gel, providing an additional application opportunity for strain sensors. This functional sensory platform, which is attached to a robot finger, can successfully detect thermal and mechanical environmental changes through variations in the optical (transmittance) and electrical (resistance) properties of the ion gel, respectively, indicating the high practicality of on-skin multimodal wearable sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2301868
Issue number37
StatePublished - 13 Sep 2023


  • independent stimuli recognition
  • ionoskins
  • non-volatile systems
  • phase-transition ion gels
  • wearable ionotronics


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