Negative feedback regulation of Wnt signaling by Gβγ-mediated reduction of Dishevelled

Hwajin Jung, Joon Kim Hyun, Kyung Lee Suk, Rokki Kim, Will Kopachik, Jin Kwan Han, Eek Hoon Jho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Wnt signaling is known to be important for diverse embryonic and post-natal cellular events and be regulated by the proteins Dishevelled and Axin. Although Dishevelled is activated by Wnt and involved in signal transduction, it is not clear how Dishevelled-mediated signaling is turned off. We report that guanine nucleotide binding protein beta 2 (Gnb2; Gβ2) bound to Axin and Gβ2 inhibited Wnt mediated reporter activity. The inhibition involved reduction of the level of Dishevelled, and the Gβ 2γ2 mediated reduction of Dishevelled was countered by increased expression of Axin. Consistent with these effects in HEK293T cells, injection of Gβ2γ2 into Xenopus embryos inhibited the formation of secondary axes induced either by XWnt8 or Dishevelled, but not by β-catenin. The DEP domain of Dishevelled is necessary for both interaction with Gβ2γ2 and subsequent degradation of Dishevelled via the lysosomal pathway. Signaling induced by Gβ2γ2 is required because a mutant of Gβ2, Gβ2 (W332A) with lower signaling activity, had reduced ability to downregulate the level of Dishevelled. Activation of Wnt signaling by either of two methods, increased Frizzled signaling or transient transfection of Wnt, also led to increased degradation of Dishevelled and the induced Dishevelled loss is dependent on Gβ1 and Gβ2. Other studies with agents that interfere with PLC action and calcium signaling suggested that loss of Dishevelled is mediated through the following pathway: Wnt/Frizzled →Gβγ→ PLC →Ca+2/PKC signaling. Together the evidence suggests a novel negative feedback mechanism in which Gβ2γ2 inhibits Wnt signaling by degradation of Dishevelled.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-706
Number of pages12
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Issue number10
StatePublished - 31 Oct 2009


  • Dishevelled proteins
  • Feedback, biochemical
  • Frizzled receptors
  • Heterotrimeric GTP-binding proteins
  • Type C phospholipases
  • Wnt proteins


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