Ni/Ru-Mn/Al2O3 catalysts for steam reforming of toluene as model biomass tar

Gunung Oh, Seo Yoon Park, Myung Won Seo, Yong Ku Kim, Ho Won Ra, Jae Goo Lee, Sang Jun Yoon

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80 Scopus citations


The catalytic steam reforming of the major biomass tar component, toluene, was studied over two commercial Ni-based catalysts and two prepared Ru-Mn-promoted Ni-base catalysts, in the temperatures range 673-1073 K. Generally, the conversion of toluene and the H2 content in the product gas increased with temperature. A H2-rich gas was generated by the steam reforming of toluene, and the CO and CO2 contents in the product gas were reduced by the reverse Boudouard reaction. A naphtha-reforming catalyst (46-5Q) exhibited better performance in the steam reforming of toluene at temperatures over 873 K than a methane-reforming catalyst (Reformax 330). Ni/Ru-Mn/Al2O3 catalysts showed high toluene reforming performance at temperatures over 873 K. The results indicate that the observed high stability and coking resistance may be attributed to the promotional effects of Mn on the Ni/Ru-Mn/Al2O3 catalyst.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)841-847
Number of pages7
JournalRenewable Energy
StatePublished - 1 Feb 2016


  • Biomass tar
  • Gasification
  • Steam reforming
  • Syngas
  • Toluene


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