No evidence of a prospective relationship between serum zinc and venous thromboembolism in Caucasian men: a cohort study

Setor K. Kunutsor, Sae Young Jae, Jari A. Laukkanen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Serum zinc has been implicated as an important mediator of haemostasis and thrombosis. However, the nature and magnitude of any potential relationship between serum zinc and venous thromboembolism (VTE) is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the prospective association between serum zinc and VTE risk. We analyzed data involving 2472 men aged 42–61 years without a history of VTE in the Kuopio Ischemic Heart Disease population-based cohort study, with the assessment of serum zinc concentrations using atomic absorption spectrometry. Hazard ratios (95% confidence intervals [CIs]) for incident VTE were estimated. A total of 166 VTE cases occurred during a median follow-up of 27.1 years. The risk of VTE per 1 standard deviation increase in serum zinc in analysis adjusted for systolic blood pressure, body mass index, total cholesterol, triglycerides, smoking status, histories of type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease, medication for dyslipidaemia, alcohol consumption, physical activity, and socioeconomic status was (HR 1.03; 95% CI 0.86–1.22), which remained similar (HR 1.04; 95% CI 0.87–1.23) following further adjustment for inflammation and history of cancer. Comparing the extreme tertiles of serum zinc, the corresponding adjusted HRs (95% CIs) were 0.92 (0.63–1.36) and 0.94 (0.64–1.39), respectively. Imputed results based on 2682 participants and 176 VTE events were consistent with the observed results. In middle-aged and older Finnish men, serum zinc is not associated with future VTE risk. Other large-scale prospective studies conducted in other populations are needed to confirm or refute these findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalBioMetals
Volume35
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2022

Keywords

  • Cohort study
  • Risk factor
  • Serum zinc
  • Venous thromboembolism

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