No travel worsens depression: reciprocal relationship between travel and depression among older adults

Seungjae Hyun, Yeonjin Lee, Sangshin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background: The aim of this study was to examine the bidirectional relationship between depression and travel. Method: We analyzed 8524 participants’ data obtained from the 2008 to 2016 waves of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing, a prospective cohort study. Depression was diagnosed using the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale: 10-Items (CES-D10), with scores of 4 or higher indicating depression. We used a generalized estimating equation and a cross-lagged panel model for statistical analysis. Results: Participants who had not traveled for one year had a 71% higher risk of suffering from depression in the following year than did those who had traveled [relative risk (RR) = 1.71, P < 0.001], and participants with depression had more than double the increased risk of not traveling than did those not currently suffering from depression (RR = 2.08, P < 0.001). The cross-lagged panel model confirmed the vicious cycle involving the amount of travel and score on the CES-D10; individuals who traveled more frequently were more likely to have lower scores on the CES-D10 (coefficient = − 0.04 to − 0.03, Ps < 0.01), and individuals with higher scores were less likely to travel (coefficient = − 0.06 to − 0.03, Ps < 0.01). Conclusions: The risk of depression increases for people who do not travel, and a reciprocal relationship exists between travel and depression.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31
JournalAnnals of General Psychiatry
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


  • Depression
  • Korea
  • Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing
  • Travel


Dive into the research topics of 'No travel worsens depression: reciprocal relationship between travel and depression among older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this