Non-catalytic pyrolysis of scrap tires using a newly developed two-stage pyrolyzer for the production of a pyrolysis oil with a low sulfur content

Gyung Goo Choi, Seung Jin Oh, Joo Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

69 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this work was to reduce the sulfur content of pyrolysis oil derived from the scrap tire pyrolysis. In this respect, a series of pyrolysis experiments was conducted in both a fluidized bed reactor (one-stage pyrolysis) and a newly developed two-stage pyrolyzer consisting of an auger reactor and a fluidized bed reactor in series (two-stage pyrolysis). The one-stage pyrolysis was carried out at ~500 and 600 °C with different fluidizing gases (N2 and product gas). In the experiments, the pyrolysis oil obtained at ~500 °C had a lower sulfur content than that produced at ~600 °C. N2 was better at producing a low-sulfur pyrolysis oil than product gas. The sulfur contents of the oils obtained from the one-stage pyrolysis ranged from 0.75 to 0.92 wt.%. The two-stage pyrolysis was conducted using product gas as the fluidizing medium at different auger reactor temperatures (~230-450 °C) and at a constant fluidized bed reactor temperature (~510 °C). A pyrolysis oil containing only 0.55 wt.% of sulfur could be produced at the temperatures of the auger reactor of ~330 °C and fluidized bed reactor of ~510 °C. Moreover, the two-stage pyrolysis could produce an oil with a low nitrogen content (0.28 wt.%). A pyrolysis oil obtained from the auger reactor contained dl-limonene up to 50 wt.%.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)140-147
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Energy
Volume170
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2016

Keywords

  • Limonene
  • One-stage pyrolysis
  • Pyrolysis oil
  • Scrap tire
  • Sulfur
  • Two-stage pyrolysis

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