Nonlinear Absorption and Refraction Properties of V4C3 MXene and its Use for an Ultra-Broadband Saturable Absorber

Kyungtaek Lee, Suh young Kwon, Taeho Woo, Janghyun Ryu, Junha Jung, Ju Han Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Large optical nonlinearity at short-wavelength-infrared (SWIR) has enabled 2D MXene to be used explosively in ultrafast nonlinear photonics and optoelectronics. Despite the high technological interest in V4C3 MXene in electrochemistry, investigations from a nonlinear photonics perspective have yet to be conducted. Here, the nonlinear optical characteristics of V4C3 MXene at SWIR wavelengths are systemically investigated. First, Z-scan measurements are performed and the saturated absorption and self-defocusing properties of V4C3 MXene at both wavelengths of 1560 and 1910 nm are observed. Density functional theory calculation shows metallic characteristics of V4C3 MXene. Based on the saturable absorption properties of V4C3 MXene, a single saturable absorber (SA) operating at both wavelengths of 1560 and 1910 nm is experimentally implemented. Stable mode-locked pulses of 638 fs pulse duration at 1559.9 nm are produced instantaneously from an erbium-doped fiber ring cavity using SA. The same SA generates 1.08 ps mode-locked pulses at 1911.9 nm from the thulium holmium co-doped fiber ring cavity. This indicates that the operating bandwidth of this realized V4C3 MXene-based SA could be at least 350 nm. This work strongly suggests that V4C3 MXene can serve as an ultra-broadband and high-performance nonlinear optical material platform in the SWIR regions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2300213
JournalAdvanced Optical Materials
Issue number13
StatePublished - 4 Jul 2023


  • VC MXene
  • mode-locked fiber lasers
  • nonlinear optical absorption
  • nonlinear refractive index
  • saturable absorbers


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